What are plastic bullets to be used to stop stone throwers in Kashmir

plastic bulletsNEW DELHI: In an effort to bring an alternative to the pellet guns+ , the government on Monday said that non-penetrative plastic bullets may be used in Jammu and Kashmir for crowd control or stone-pelting mobs to reduce collateral damage+ during counter-insurgency operations.

The government sources, however, said the pellet guns will continue to be used as the last resort in the non-lethal category.

Senior Home Ministry officials said that thousands of plastic bullets have already been produced and sent to the Kashmir valley for use by the security forces deployed there. These bullets are said to be non-penetrative and can be fired from INSAS rifles.

For the last eight months, security forces have been facing massive violent protests+ by locals and organised stone pelters in Kashmir valley when they were engaged in gunfight with militants, who at times manage to escape with the help of the crowd.

So far, security forces were using PAVA shells and pellet guns, the last option in the non-lethal category before the use of assault rifles, to control the mobs.

PAVA (Pelargonic Acid Vanillyl Amide)+ is a chilli-based ammunition, which is less lethal and immobilises the target temporarily.

Other less-lethal weapons+ used include dye marker grenade, which causes sensory trouble to the target once fired. It leaves a dye mark on troublemakers for easy identification.

An new entrant to the arsenal of non-lethal weapons is a grenade packed with scientifically prepared spicy jelly, which on exploding, causes irritation in the eyes.

Oloeoresin, a semi-solid extract in a solution mixed with spicy gel, could be put in the grenade casings to tackle rioting mobs, sources said.

Calling the damage caused by pellet guns an issue of “life and death”, the Supreme Court had last month told the government to come up with suggestions regarding effective alternatives.

Three civilians were killed last month during protests in Chadoora in Kashmir when a mob made attempts to obstruct an ongoing anti-militancy operation in the area.

Army chief General Bipin Rawat had earlier warned of tough action against protesters who hurled stones at security personnel engaged in anti-militancy operations or targeted their families.

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